How low oil prices can be good for the environment _ greenbiz

Over the past year and a half, oil prices have declined from over $100 a barrel to less than $35 a barrel. Low investment business with high profit in chennai Should environmentalists be worried that this will cause people to turn away from clean energy and fail to meet climate pollution goals?

In my judgment, no. Small business low investment high profit On balance, the break from high oil prices can be good for the environment. Best business with highest profit margin I believe we should celebrate our good fortune if we are entering a period of lower energy prices.

But we must make sure that we do not squander the benefits by weakening our resolve to transition to efficiency and clean energy supply.

High profit jobs We must instead expand our efforts to provide a suite of carrots and sticks, new regulations in some areas and reduced regulation in others, to encourage more efficient transportation systems, which account for the lion’s share of oil use.

Low prices do not mean that oil is “cheap,” as the true costs of oil include the damage to our health, to the world’s climate, to American national security, to economic stability and to the environments where oil drilling takes place. High profit items to sell online These costs are usually invisible to the consumer. Business with low investment and high profit in india But they are real, and they represent an irresponsible if unintended policy to shift costs from producers and consumers of oil to the general public.

Some of these invisible costs are saved as low oil prices make some of the worst projects financially infeasible and reduce the flow of money to regimes that promote global instability.

Today’s low oil prices, and the market expectation that they will remain low for almost a decade — futures markets expect them not to recover to even $60 as far out as these markets go, which is 2024 — will cause many oil production plans to be cancelled, which is a good thing from an environmental perspective. High profit business ideas uk (I expect that oil prices will not remain low that long unless we can deploy clean energy strategies faster than we are doing now, and others agree.)

The risk of low prices is that they will divert people’s attention from the policies needed to improve our air and climate: policies that require continually improving fuel economy as well as cleaner fuels in cars and other vehicles; that provide incentives for clean vehicles that surpass the minimum requirements; and that promote compact, walkable communities that require less driving.

As demonstrated in California, such a package of policies can benefit all drivers (and also households that do not drive cars) by lowering fuel bills and reducing vulnerability to future price shocks. High profit margin products Aggressive clean energy policies not only will lower overall fuel bills by increasing fuel economy and reducing the need to drive, they also may allow oil prices to stay low indefinitely, helping to ensure that major new oil projects never come to market.

Another risk to avoid is the prospect that energy companies may try to invest in dirty energy even when an objective analysis would say that it makes no business sense. Low cost business ideas with high profit philippines Investors can be overly bullish on future oil prices, which is one reason for the bust part of the boom-and-bust cycle in fuels.

This is why advocacy against environmentally irresponsible projects is as necessary now as it was when oil prices were higher. Low startup high profit business Some of my earliest projects at NRDC were stopping power plant projects that would have turned out to be white elephants.

The Paris climate agreement and other climate protection policies are also important in discouraging uneconomic investments in dirty energy: Financial analysts are cautioning against oil and coal infrastructure investments because of climate commitments. High profit products Low oil prices can deter some of the dirtiest energy

Many of the dirtiest oil resources are expensive. Low investment high profit business in kolkata They only make sense when oil prices are high. High profit margin products to sell If oil prices remain low, it should help discourage new investments in high-cost oil extraction, such as in the Arctic and the Canadian tar sands. High profit selling pdf And it will also reduce fracking and tight oil (“shale oil”) production projects.

At current oil prices, infrastructure projects such as the Keystone XL tar sands pipeline stop being viable investments. Items with highest profit margin on ebay However, at prices only slightly below $70 a barrel, pipeline projects such as Keystone XL become even more of a threat to the environment: They would enable economically marginal tar sands projects that otherwise would not be economical to move forward by providing cheap transportation capacity. Low startup cost high profit business This is a reason why stopping this project when we did was so important. Business ideas with high profit margins But at current prices, neither tar sands nor the pipeline pencil out.

Stopping tar sands production is a big win for the environment because the tar sands have a higher carbon footprint than other sources of oil, and because production is especially damaging to the local environment.

Some other projects impacted by low oil prices produce, as a by-product, natural gas that oil and gas producers choose not to transport to market today — primarily due to the economics of building new pipelines compared to current low gas prices — and so it is flared at the well, producing extra carbon pollution.

Low oil prices do not stop oil drilling — all of which is environmentally damaging to a greater or lesser extent. Highest profit business in india Drilling, fracking and ongoing production have adverse effects on health, the local economy, the livability of a community or the local ecology. Low investment high profit business philippines Some areas can be drilled at a low price, and still require careful regulation to prevent or minimize impacts.

Just because a project becomes uneconomic does not mean it necessarily will be cancelled: Sometimes oil companies are more interested in winning than in profits, or in cross-subsidizing operations to lock in leases for down the road when they expect prices to rise again.

Also, oil service companies make money on drilling regardless of whether the project they are constructing does. High profit business to start So some inappropriate projects may go forward unless they are stopped by policy. High profit shares in india High prices do not promote efficiency

The bulk of clean energy resources are energy efficiency, and all the evidence I have seen shows that efficiency is only minimally affected by price. Low cost high profit business ideas Behavior — such as driving more — is affected by price, but the size of this effect is small.

Then you should be supporting a pollution fee. High profit business ideas in india A pollution fee could restore oil prices to consumers to a level that you feel is appropriate. High profit margin business Perhaps that means the level that they were at before the decrease: about $110-120 a barrel. High profit small business If $110-120 a barrel for the consumer is an appropriate price for oil, we should charge producers a fee of somewhere about $80 a barrel.

Notwithstanding the arguments I make here, I think that such a fee is a good idea. High profit crops It is fair, in that it makes those who benefit from oil consumption compensate those who are hurt by it. Business with high profit philippines And even if it doesn’t have a large effect on consumption, it still moves the nation in the right direction.

And think of what it could do to the federal government deficit. Small investment high profit business india An $80 a barrel fee would eliminate the deficit. List of business with low investment and high profit (The Energy Information Administration finds that the United States consumed 6.97 billion barrels of oil in 2014. High profit margin business ideas Thus a fee of $80 a barrel would generate about $550 billion a year. Small items with high profit margin In comparison, for FY2015 and FY2016 the deficit is about $450 billion each year.)

Note that I am not arguing that the correct amount of the fee is $80 a barrel. High profit cash crops Lower amounts may make more sense. Small scale business with low investment and high profit Nor am I arguing that deficit reduction is the best use of the money: Investments in clean energy transportation alternatives would be far better for both the economy and the environment. High risk high profit But if you think low oil prices are a problem, you ought to be proposing a solution rather than sitting in a corner wringing your hands.

But a fee would address both the supply-side and the demand-side environmental issues by encouraging conservation and discouraging production. Business ideas with low investment and high profit in india Low oil prices do not affect most renewable energy sources

Renewable resources are mainly used in the electricity system, and electricity prices are almost entirely independent of oil prices. High profit business in pakistan Oil is largely missing from the list of power generation fuels in the U.S. Best business with high profit Renewables compete against gas and coal, and the prices of these fuels are only minimally affected by oil prices.

Oil and natural gas prices fluctuate dramatically, especially over five- or 10-year time frames. Low investment high profit business We have, notwithstanding this, successfully produced large investments in both efficiency and in renewable energy sources in times of low prices as well as high prices.

We have done this through policies such as financial incentives for clean energy investment, by reformed regulatory policies that allow utilities to profit from clean energy, by regulations on product efficiency and renewables portfolio standards and low carbon fuel standards, by reductions in regulations that prevent developers from building smart-growth neighborhoods or that require parking spaces that they do not want to build, and by providing transparency on the energy costs of cars, buildings and appliances.

States and countries that have more consistently adopted and maintained these policies have much lower carbon footprints (and lower energy bills) than those that have not. High profit items They also tend to have more robust economies. Products with high profit margins Profiting from today’s lower oil prices

Lower prices for oil and for gasoline save consumers money, and this is good for the economy in the short term. High profit low cost business ideas We celebrate these consumer and business savings. Low cost high profit items Amory Lovins has noted that energy price is a race between efficiency and depletion (actually a race between efficiency plus renewables and depletion).

But we do so with the memory that price cuts (or spikes) are not permanent. Low cost high profit business in india At some point, perhaps next year, more likely in five years, and possibly not for 10 years, oil prices may go up again. What products have high profit margins We want to approach that time prepared, with a drastically reduced dependence on volatile-priced fossil fuels. Small business with low investment and high profit in india Indeed, this reduced dependence may prevent prices from ever going up much.

Yes, I noted above that futures markets expect oil to remain well below $60 for 10 years. Small business with high profit margin But we’ve seen this movie before — especially in the early 1980s and the late 1990s. Companies with high profit margins Futures markets are thin and volatile, and often fail dramatically to predict the future. High profit items to resell In particular, oil futures markets predict that today’s lower prices will fade away.

Such predictions may encourage producers to hang on when they should be shutting down, and thus become self-defeating, because they result in overproduction and reductions in price when markets are expecting small increases.

While lower oil prices may help the economy in the short term, in the long term the states and countries with strong policies supporting clean energy do better economically than those that are less active, and spend less on energy even in those cases when energy prices are higher. Small business with low investment and high profit (They spend less because diminished consumption due to efficiency means bills are lower, even when unit costs are higher.)

We need to take a long term planning perspective. Small business high profit in india The more effective we are at transitioning to a clean energy economy, the less vulnerable we will be to the next uptick in oil prices (or gas prices). High profit margin And the more competitive our economy will be, and the more healthy and safe our communities, clean water and clean air will be now and in future generations when that happens.

The risk to lower oil prices is if we get complacent and lazy. High profit service business If we slack off on policies to reduce automobile efficiency/carbon pollution reduction or on encouraging smart growth, if we start to think that renewable energy is not so important, then low oil prices will have been a snare, not a benefit.

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